Steve Clark’s Passing

by Tom Glade Sunday, December 13, 2015 12:58 PM

For many years, Steve Clark has played a vital part in Evergreen Islands’ efforts to protect this place we call home - excelling as our spokesperson in protecting our Northwest’s exquisite natural environment. While most people are uncomfortable speaking publically, Steve welcomed the many ‘opportunities’ with a profound self-assuredness.

Under Steve’s leadership as our president, Evergreen Islands –

Appealed Skagit County Comprehensive Plan Amendments in 2000, 2005, and 2007 to protect the ‘rural character’ of Skagit County’s marine islands (Fidalgo, Guemes, Cypress, Sinclair, Vendovi, Burrows, etc.)

Compelled the City of Anacortes to adopt a Critical Areas Ordinance, which currently protects our City’s natural environments.

Protected the waters of Turner’s Bay from a proposed equestrian park above the bay.

Preserved the Firs on the Crest above our Community Forest’s Mitten Pond.

And thwarted efforts to urbanize south Fidalgo Island.

Changing history is a formidable undertaking, but through his dedication and vision, Steve Clark has changed our history for the better.

We miss Steve immensely.

Stephen Michael Clark

clip_image002Stephen Michael Clark, died peacefully in his home with his family at his side on Nov. 25, 2015, in Anacortes. He was 68.

Steve was born on Sept., 23, 1947, in Evansville, Indiana, to June and Joseph Clark. During his youth, he lived in New Jersey, Delaware and Virginia and spent many summers on his uncles’ farms in Johnson, Indiana. Steve lived in San Francisco and Homer, Alaska, before meeting his wife Janet and making Anacortes his home for more than 32 years.

Steve graduated from Pembroke State University in North Carolina and received a Master of Arts degree from Western Washington University. Steve was a teacher at Mount Vernon High School for 28 years. He coached debate, led students on back-country hiking trips and taught freshmen Honors English, Speech and Advanced Placement English. Steve loved teaching the classics to young minds and enjoyed seeing his students step into the world to pursue their education and their dreams, but most importantly, he loved helping students realize their unique potential.

Steve dedicated much of his free time to outdoor pursuits. Whether kayaking the San Juans, hiking the North Cascades or working in the garden with Janet, Steve found both inspiration and spiritual reflection out of doors. His love of nature was also reflected in his conservational efforts with the nonprofit Evergreen Islands.

Steve was an inveterate reader, writer and traveler. His life-long appreciation for literature often guided his and Janet’s travels together: England through the words of Dickens and Virginia Woolf, Spain and perhaps Kilimanjaro via the exploits and words of “Big Papa.” Intrigued by living in other cultures, Steve was awarded two year-long Fulbright grants, teaching in both Istanbul, Turkey, and Brno, Czech Republic. Steve is survived by his wife, Janet, his children, Kate Clark (San Diego) and Jesse Davis (Olympia), daughter‑in‑law Molly Voris and granddaughters Lily, Rose and Louisa Davis. He also leaves behind his siblings Jim Clark (Milton, DE), Nancy Drake (Ojai, CA) and Tom Clark (Great Falls, VA) as well as an extended family of relatives and dear friends across the country and throughout the world.

In lieu of flowers or other remembrances, the family requests donations to Evergreen Islands conservation group, P.O. Box 223, Anacortes WA 98221.


BNSF Skagit River Bridge

by Sandra Spargo Sunday, August 16, 2015 10:19 PM

1995 Flood - Damage to BNRR Burlington Bridge

City of Burlington and City of Sedro Woolley’s Request

to Replace BNSF’s Aging Skagit River Bridge

The bridge is 99 years old. The following request was made before substantial oil train traffic.

In June 2009, the City of Burlington and the City of Sedro Woolley included the replacement of the BNSF Skagit River Bridge on the Council of Governments’ priority project list, as follows:

  • Built in 1916, this bridge is a hazard to itself and the adjacent levee system. Debris buildup upstream of the bridge in 1995 caused the bridge to fail and almost caused the adjacent left bank levee to fail.
  • We believe the bridge is a strong candidate for funding from the $8 billion Intercity High Speed Passenger Rail Program from which Washington could receive $400 - $600 million.
  • Bridge replacement is supported by Dike Districts 12, 17 and 1; but not by 3 (left bank downstream of Mount Vernon) or 22 (Fir Island).

According to the Washington State BNSF Skagit River Bridge Debris Management Study, June 2007,

  • Local stakeholders have sought to obtain funding to replace the BNSF Rail Company’s (BNSF) Skagit River Bridge, because debris has accumulated at the piers and results in overflow to nearby levees. In addition scour at bridge piers could potentially led to bridge failure. In 1995, one of the piers was damaged, which led to bridge closure for several days.
  • A team comprised of local stakeholders and representatives of the BNSF met to discuss various alternatives. As the study progressed, BNSF withdrew from the project team, because the railroad believed that the study would not address ways to prevent debris from reaching their bridge. Further, the railroad maintained that their current debris management practices were effective and that the bridge was not at risk of failure during flood events.
  • Lack of participation by BNSF created a dilemma for the project team, because BNSF owns the bridge under study. Another challenge facing the project team was to develop alternatives in which BNSF could participate, despite the fact that the railroad is not subject to debris management regulations imposed by state and local agencies.

During FY 2011, Senator Patty Murray requested $120,000 to help fund a comprehensive analysis of the costs and benefits of replacing the BNSF Skagit River Bridge for the purpose of reducing flood risk.

The Summary of the requests states:

Importance: The BNSF Skagit River Bridge is a known hazard to the adjacent levees during Skagit River flooding. If the bridge induces failure of the adjacent levees, the neighboring cities of Burlington and Mount Vernon would flood, Interstate 5 would flood and shut down and the mainline rail would shut down.

If the BNSF Skagit River Bridge were to fail, an oil spill would impact our downstream, potable water supply.

The Anacortes water treatment plant is located alongside the Skagit River in Mount Vernon and downstream from the BNSF Skagit River Bridge. The water treatment plant serves approximately 56,000 residential, commercial and industrial customers. The plant is the primary source of water for Shell and Tesoro refineries, which draw more than 60 percent of the potable water from the plant; the cities of Anacortes, La Conner and Oak Harbor; the Whidbey Island Naval Air Station; and a significant portion of Skagit Public Utility District No. 1.

Bridge Safety Standards

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

Part 237 (As of Jan. 26, 2015)

237.103: Bridge inspection procedures.

(a) Each bridge management program shall specify the procedure to be used for inspection of individual bridges or classes and types of bridges.

(b) The bridge inspection procedures shall be as specified by a railroad bridge engineer, who is designed as responsible for the conduct and review of the inspections. The inspection procedures shall incorporate the methods, means of access and the level of detail to be recorded for the various components of that bridge or class of bridges.

(c) The bridge inspection procedures shall ensure that the level of detail and the inspection procedures are appropriate to the configuration of the bridge; conditions found during previous inspections; the nature of the railroad traffic moved over the bridge (including equipment weights, train frequency and length, levels of passenger and hazardous materials traffic); and vulnerability of the bridge to damage.

(d) The bridge inspection procedures shall be designed to detect, report and protect deterioration and deficiencies before they present a hazard to safe train operation.

Refer to 49 CFR 237.109 – Bridge Inspection Records

A reasonable expectation is that the hearing examiner would examine inspection logs before coming to a conclusion regarding the adequacy of BNSF inspections and repair/replacement of the bridge. In fact, the bridge’s handling of increased oil traffic without establishing that BNSF has, in fact, has inspected the bridge and corrected deficiencies should require examination of records that become public.

BNSF Swinomish Channel Swinging Bridge


Sixty-two years old, located at the north end of the Swinomish Channel

In 1953, Foss tugs hauled a 775-ton, 368-foot, swing, draw-span from a construction yard on Seattle’ Duwamish Water to the north end of the Swinomish Slough, near Anacortes, for installation on the Great Northern Railway’s branch line between Burlington and Anacortes. The biggest project of its kind undertaken at that time on the West Coast, three Foss tugs handled the delicate movement, which entailed positioning the long, steel span on two 120-foot Foss barges lashed end-to-end. The “floating” bridge was barged without incident via Deception Pass to the span’s installation site. (The initial Swinomish Channel Swinging Bridge was installed in 1891.)

Swinomish Indian Tribal Community’s Climate Change Initiative Impact Assessment Technical Report, Oct. 2009

  • Erosion of bridge footings: Erosion of bridge footings and supports may occur from higher tides and storm surges. Increased flooding events can cause soil saturation and surface erosion of materials around bridge footings, potentially decreasing their structural stability and increasing maintenance and operational costs (NRCNA 2008). Erosion of bridge footings can also be caused by scour from increased water flow from flooding and tidal surges, resulting in structural instability. Scour is created when sediment is washed away from the bottom of a river, leaving a hole. This generally happens at any time but is more prominent during floods and increased water flow. This is a concern, because if the rock or sediment that a bridge rests on is scoured, particularly local scour can make bridges unsafe for travel because of degradation of structural base support (Warren 1993).
  • Increased fatigue and deterioration of bridge joints: Increased temperatures create thermal expansion of bridge joints. Bridges are designed to accommodate movement from thermal expansion and contraction. However, significant temperature increases from climate change can exceed standards for the current design, causing it to reach its threshold for thermal expansion (Soo Hoo 2005). With increased and prolonged exposure to heat, parts of the bridge are heated and not allowed to further expand; creating stress to the structure that may either damage the bridge or elements that the bridge is constrained by. This will potentially increase maintenance costs and negatively affect operations.

FRA Region 8 Track Safety Specialist James Adams expresses concern about rail movement of the Swinomish Channel Bridge.

Please refer to attached email copy, which involved Rep. Jeff Morris. The email states the following:

After viewing these photos, FRA Region 8 Track Safety Specialist James Adams wrote on 2/18/14, “The West Conley rail slip joint concerns me. Paul is going to call the railroad and see if he can get the railroad to adjust it. Paul, at your earliest convenience, please conduct a thorough inspection of this line, also take a look at the rail anchor pattern approaching the bridge. It appears there may be issues regarding rail movement.”

· Photos concerning such taken are viewed at

If the BNSF Skagit Swinomish Swinging Bridge were to fail and cause an oil train derailment, an oil spill would impact surrounding shorelines, salmon and shellfish habitat, the fishing industry and boat tourism in La Conner and Anacortes. An oil spill expanding throughout the Fidalgo and Padilla Bays and the Salish Sea could have a devastating impact on aquatic life and the people whose livelihoods and sustenance depends on them.

Skagit County’s failure to ensure oil spill prevention would stain tourism and quality of life and livelihood..

Refer to 49 CFR 237.109 – Bridge Inspection Records, as attached.

A reasonable expectation is that the hearing examiner would examine inspection logs before coming to a conclusion regarding the adequacy of BNSF inspections and repair/replacement of the bridge. In fact, the bridge’s handling of increased oil traffic without establishing that BNSF has, in fact, has inspected the bridge and corrected deficiencies should require examination of records that become public.

Moreover, please do not overlook the threat of terrorism. Oil trains are easy targets. Ignition of an explosion or trigger of a spill could easily be manipulated.


Anacortes Oil Train Forum: Anacortes City Hall, Wednesday, May 6, 6pm

by Tom Glade Saturday, May 2, 2015 6:59 AM

Ever since oil trains began rolling through the communities of Skagit County and Washington State over two years ago, many of you have raised the red flag.

Anacortes City Councilmembers Ryan Walter and Liz Lovelett* are hosting a public forum on oil transportation in Skagit County this coming Wednesday, May 6th. The forum will have representatives from Shell Oil, Tesoro Oil, BNSF, Skagit County, and Congressman Rick Larsen as panelists.

We are concerned that the panel will provide

*  False assurances that the decades old rail tracks and bridges are safe.

*  False assurances that the emergency response teams are adequately trained and equipped.

*  False assurances that the dangerous, unsafe DOT 111 rail cars are not being used.

This is an issue that impacts all of us. Why aren’t other interested parties invited to present? Come This Wednesday to speak up.

WHEN: Wednesday, May 6 from 6-8 pm

WHERE: Anacortes City Council Chambers, City Hall, 904 6th Street in Anacortes

WHAT: Community Meeting on Oil Transportation.

We hope you can attend this community meeting.

The community needs to hold our local elected officials and the industries that operate in our community accountable to safety, environmental protection, and our well-being.

* Please note, both council members are members of Safe Energy Leadership Alliance, are strong environmental and community advocates, have passed an oil transportation resolution, and recently advocated for the Governor’s request legislation on this issue.

Please Stand Up to Oil by attending this forum.


Rein Attemann

Washington Environmental Council


Skagit County Hearing Examiner Requires Environmental Impact Study for Shell’s Crude-by-Rail Oil Rail

by Tom Glade Monday, February 23, 2015 10:39 PM

February 23, 2015

Evergreen Islands and our partners commend Mr. Wick Dufford, Skagit County’s Hearing Examiner, for having the integrity to require an Environmental Impact Statement for Shell’s Bakken oil rail terminal project – at a time when most state and local officials have averted their eyes..

The onslaught of Bakken oil trains traversing Washington State has cast a specter of disaster across our state – exposing the peoples and environments of not only Skagit County but also a significant portion of our state to the risk of huge oil spills and horrific, uncontrollable fires.

In his decision, Mr. Dufford recognizes that the enormity of the environmental impacts associated with the Bakken oil trains and specifically Shell’s Bakken oil trains exceed the “probable significant, adverse environmental impact” test required for an Environmental Impact Statement.

Media Contacts:

Tom Glade, Evergreen Islands,, (360)588-8057.


Evergreen Islands:
Forest Ethics:
FRIENDS of the San Juans:
Friends of the Earth:
RE Sources for Sustainable Communities:‐
Washington Environmental Council:


Public Hearing: Northwest Clean Air Agency

by Sandra Spargo Saturday, October 11, 2014 1:39 PM

Draft Permit for Potential Emissions of

Bakken Crude Oil Volatile Organic Compounds

Thursday, Oct. 16, 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. (or to when the last person speaks)

Anacortes Public Library

1220 10th Avenue, Anacortes

Shell proposed rail terminal

Proposed Shell Crude-by-Rail East Gate rail terminal area on March Point, Anacortes

Encompassed by Highway 20, Fidalgo Bay and Padilla Bay

Shell Puget Sound Refinery (PSR) must meet the requirements of over 15 permits to ensure that its proposed crude-by-rail terminal will be built.

The Northwest Clean Air Agency (NWCAA) of Mount Vernon will hold a public hearing on Oct. 16 regarding one of these permits, whose project is described as follows:

Project description:  Shell Puget Sound Refinery (PSR) proposes to construct a crude oil unloading system with the capacity to unload up to 102 railcars per day. Upon the train’s arrival at the Crude-by-Rail East Gate station, PSR would connect hoses to the bottom of each railcar, allowing crude oil to drain into a large collection pipe. PSR would pump crude oil to existing tanks. The collection pipe and railcar overhead vents are designed as a closed vapor control system.  Volatile organic compounds (ozone precursors) could total 0.9 tons a year. Potential sources of VOCs would be leaks from unloading equipment such as pumps, valves, and flanges and leaks from oily wastewater systems. (Courtesy of Protect Skagit.)

Shell Notice of Construction, G. Criteria Air Pollutant2 Emissions, Page 3, demonstrates the technicality of this proposed permit. Therefore, if you would not rather address technicalities, Protect Skagit generously wrote the following talking points for those who wish to speak at the public hearing.  A second option is to speak that you support the testimony already given. A third option is to come and occupy a seat of concern.

Northwest Clean Air Agency draft construction permit for the construction and operation of a terminal for unloading crude oil delivered by rail.

1) Since the Skagit County Planning and Development Services ruling on a Mitigated Determination of Non-Significance (MDNS) for environmental harm from this project is under appeal, why not wait to decide on this permit until after that appeal? The appeal could result in a ruling that an Environmental Impact Statement is needed for this project so why rule on this permit in advance of the MDNS hearing? NWCAA should not issue an approval for construction until the appeal has been resolved.

2) The Project summary language for the permit should specifically reference just Bakken crude oil from North Dakota, and Niobrara crude oil primarily from Colorado and Wyoming. The current language is too vague, saying the unloading facility is for receiving light crude oil which could include diluted bitumen from Canadian tar sands.

3) An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is needed since Bakken and Niobrara crude oil is chemically and physically different from crude oils currently being refined. There may be increases or changes in emissions, fouling of equipment, and upsets in the refining process that are currently unknown. It is too soon to tell if these problems are occurring at other refineries like Tesoro that already bring in Bakken. Therefore, an EIS must be conducted on this and all other potential cumulative impacts from the transport and refining of Bakken and Niobrara crude at the Shell refinery.

4) Governor Insleeʼs recent draft oil transportation study specifically recommends on page 67: “Modify definition of ʻfacilityʼ to include moving trains carrying oil” for purposes of oil spill prevention and response. Accordingly, the NWCAA should study rail diesel particulates and the possible release of toxic emissions from crude oil tank cars from trains traveling to and from the Shell refinery, and while idling there. The results of this study should be included in a full EIS prior to either the approval or denial of this permit to determine the full health impacts from air emissions resulting from the proposed project. The study results should also be sent to the Environmental Protection Agency, WA State Dept. of Ecology, and the Governor’s office to determine whether changes to the regulations of air emissions from crude oil transport are needed.

5) The state threshold for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of 10,000 metric tons per year is exceeded by the Shell project, according to Earthjustice and others who have filed the appeal on the MDNS. The NWCAA has a responsibility to determine all GHG emissions and not issue the permit as currently drafted for construction of this facility if the GHG emissions are shown in the appeal to exceed the state threshold for GHG emissions.


State public hearing/rail & marine oil transport-save the date!

by Sandra Spargo Sunday, September 28, 2014 3:29 PM



According to the Washington State Department of Ecology, each unit train of 100 oil tank cars carries 2,900,000 gallons of crude oil.  Crude oil deliveries by rail do not pay into Washington State’s oil spill response fund—unlike crude oil deliveries by waterborne vessel or barge.

Washington State, a national leader in green energy, is on the verge of also becoming a major global crossroads of fossil fuel, setting up a collision of values and economics. Throughout Western Washington, waterways and railways are becoming fossil fuel corridors.

Governor Jay Inslee directed the Dept. of Ecology to draft the 2014 Marine and Rail Oil Transportation Study. Ecology will release the draft on Oct. 1.

  • The purpose of the Study is to assess public health and safety, as well as environmental impacts associated with oil transport.
  • The Study must provide data and analysis of statewide risks, gaps and options for increasing public safety and improving spill prevention and response readiness.
  • The Study’s findings will direct legislative, executive and state agency actions.



Local and State Groups File Appeal on Shell Oil Transport Decision

by Tom Glade Friday, September 12, 2014 7:49 PM

Concerned citizens appeal Skagit County decision to move forward without full environmental review.

Mount Vernon, WA—Six state and local conservation groups, including RE Sources for Sustainable Communities, FRIENDS of the San Juans, ForestEthics, Washington Environmental Council, Friends of the Earth, and Evergreen Islands, represented by Earthjustice, filed an appeal yesterday of Skagit County’s decision to allow a proposed Shell Puget Sound Refinery crude-by-rail facility to move forward without requiring a full and transparent environmental review.

Shell has proposed a facility that would receive one unit train of crude oil per day, with each unit train consisting of four locomotives and approximately 102 crude oil tank cars.  Nearby refineries have built similar facilities; however, those refineries began their projects before an ongoing chain of oil train explosions revealed the extreme volatility of the Bakken crude.  The July 6, 2013 oil train explosion in Lac-Megantic, Quebec, one of the first disasters in the chain, killed 47 people and destroyed roughly half of the Lac-Megantic’s downtown.

“Before we allow more oil trains, we better make sure they pose no threat to our communities,” said Tom Glade with Evergreen Islands.  “Shell’s plans, especially coming after all the derailments and accidents that we’ve already seen, must undergo a thorough and public analysis to ensure our safety.”

In Skagit County, the oil trains pass right through the downtowns of Burlington, Conway, and Mount Vernon.  The oil trains also cross the old Burlington/Mount Vernon bridge spanning the Skagit River immediately above the Anacortes Water Treatment Plant and the old swing bridge spanning the Swinomish Channel directly adjacent to the Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve.

Extensive crude-by-rail oil transport systems have increased dramatically in recent years.   In 2008, only 9,500 tank cars transported crude nationally, as compared to over 400,000 tank cars in 2013, an increase of over 4000%.

These conservation groups are filing this appeal because of significant risks and impacts to people, water, and wildlife, and are demanding a full environmental review. They are also demanding that Shell be prevented from using any rail facility as a way to ship crude over marine waters.

“Without prohibitions on the export of crude oil from the Shell Refinery,” said Fred Felleman, Northwest consultant for Friends of the Earth “Increased train traffic will also result in increased tanker traffic and oil spills. This risk to Puget Sound is simply too great.”


Evergreen Islands:
Forest Ethics:
FRIENDS of the San Juans:
Friends of the Earth:
Re Sources for Sustainable Community:
Washington Environmental Council:


Shell Oil Products Proposed Crude by Rail Unloading Facility Shoreline Variance/ Substantial Development Permit (File #13-0468)

by Tom Glade Tuesday, March 25, 2014 8:18 PM


February 15, 2014

To: Leah Forbes, AICP

Senior Planner, Skagit County Planning & Development Services

cc: Evergreen Islands Board of Trustees

Re: Shell Oil Products Proposed Crude by Rail Unloading Facility

Shoreline Variance/ Substantial Development Permit (File #13-0468)

Dear Ms. Forbes:

On the behalf of Evergreen Islands, I am submitting this comment letter regarding the permitting of Shell Oil Products Proposed Crude by Rail Unloading Facility.

In large part, this letter is a pictorial essay about our concerns that the proposed Shell Oil Products railroad terminal, which will facilitate refining crude oil delivered in tank cars, will likely have a probable significant adverse environmental impacts on the Skagit County’s irreplaceable and invaluable environment. A summary of our salient points are included in a summary at the end of our letter.

While the Shell proposal has the potential for global environmental impacts, this brief letter focuses on the probable significant adverse environmental impacts involving our (Skagit County’s) local environment. This letter addresses the potential adverse impacts on the following elements of our environment (see Figure 1):

· Padilla Bay

· The March Point Heronry

· The City of Burlington




Evergreen Islands Appeals Mount Erie Clear-Cutting

by Tom Glade Saturday, August 24, 2013 8:16 AM

Evergreen Islands has appealed Skagit County’s State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) decision on the environmental impacts of clear-cutting 40 acres of forest on the south face of Mount Erie.  The decision, a Mitigated Determination of Nonsignificance (MDNS), allows the ‘harvesting’ of approximately 900,000 board feet of timber.

Evergreen Islands and lots of other people wrote to the County and expressed our concerns about the clear-cutting.  In the our letter included below, Evergreen Islands asked  Skagit County to change their decision to a Determination of Significance, which would have required an Environmental Impact Statement, but to no avail.

The appeal will be heard before the Skagit County Hearing Examiner at a date yet to be scheduled.  Evergreen Islands has retained an attorney to present the reasons why the slopes of Mount Erie should not be clear-cut.  Our effort to thwart the clear-cutting will be expensive (e.g. the fee for the Hearing Examiner appeal was $1,000).

You can financially help with this appeal by making a tax-deductible donation to Evergreen Islands.



Trolls on the loose

by Judy Booth Thursday, July 11, 2013 11:10 PM

A Guest Opinion By Judy Booth
La Conner Weekly News, July 11, 2013

What do patent hoarders, Obama, Tethys and the Skagit River have in common?

Patent hoarders troll universities and research centers around the world looking for patents to buy. Then they look for products using that technology and demand a licensing fee or threaten court action.

They set up “shell” companies who take innovators to court, hiding the name of the parent company.  Inventors, scientists and universities can face years of litigation, thereby draining our economy and crushing creativity.  Most just give up and pay out of court.

They “don’t actually produce anything themselves,” but work “to essentially leverage and hijack somebody else’s idea and see if they can extort some money out of them,” President Obama said.

Once a patent troller has acquired a patent, they look for innovators who are developing the same or similar idea and demand a licensing fee or threaten to take them to court.  With pockets deep enough to hold up a would-be inventor for years, settlements are usually made out of court. The shell company sometimes sues as many as a hundred different innovators over the same idea.

The fact that a patent troller can hold a piece of paper, instead of developing that idea is what is so galling.  They are not interested in making products or developing ideas, but in buying and selling paper for their own profit and suing other companies over supposed patent infringement.   Like a troll hiding under a bridge, they pop up unexpectedly and make unreasonable demands, laughing all the way to bank with no concern for innovation or the economy.

Possibly the largest patent troller in the world is Intellectual Ventures of Bellevue, with upwards of 58,000 patents and over 1,200 shell companies world-wide, according to the
Stanford Technology Law Review.

Considering CEO Nathan Myhrvold of Intellectual Ventures gave $50,000 to Obama’s inauguration dinner, it should be interesting to see how he counsels the President on legislation of patent trolls aimed at transparency.

So if you have an idea on how to improve the Internet, back up files, store information or come up with a better idea on how to automate bottling plants, be careful, trolls are on the loose.

Intellectual Venture’s Vice President is
Steve Winter.  He is also the CEO of Tethys who has a saleable piece of paper with the City of Anacortes to build one of the largest beverage bottling plants in the U.S. on Reservation Road and Highway 20.



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